Innovation and Technology Surveys

Business Confidence among Exporting and Importing Firms of Pakistan-2022

The Innovation and Technology Centre (ITC) of the Lahore School conducted its seventh annual business confidence survey in from January 2022 to end of April, 2022. This years’ survey had a separate detailed section for exporting and importing firms to explain the unprecedented trade deficit, so that policy makers could determine what factors have led to the fall in exports and what measures do we need to tackle the deterioration in Pakistan’s trade balance. The survey was conducted selecting a variety of firms across three important sectors viz. the manufacturing sector, the services sector and the retail sector.  The data was comprised of 227 firms from all four provinces of Pakistan, with 52 exporting and 111 importing firms. The survey was conducted from mid-January, 2022 till end of April, 2022.